The Red Fort is the palace fort of Shahjahanabad – the new capital of the fifth Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan. Named for its massive enclosing walls of red sandstone. The private apartments consist of a row of royal pavilions connected by a continuous water channel, known as the Nahr-i-Behisht (Stream of Paradise).
The Red Fort represents the zenith of Mughal creativity and refinement under Shah Jahan. The royal pavilions reveal architectural elements typical of Mughal building, reflecting a fusion of Persian, Timurid and Hindu traditions.
The Red Fort’s architectural style, including the garden design, strongly influenced several buildings and gardens in Rajasthan, Delhi, Agra and further afield.